Corporate governance is a set or processes, mechanisms and relationships that control and manage companies. The purpose is to make sure that the interests of all participants are taken into consideration: shareholders, senior management executives, financiers, customers, suppliers, governments and the community.
There are a variety of arrangements, and businesses often alter their governance when they expand. Governance is crucial to a business regardless of its structure, because it facilitates good communication with owners, which can help improve the efficiency of the company. Governance is also vital in ensuring view that the company meets its obligations and legal duties and it is an essential element of risk management.
Transparency for investors can help the company secure investment. It can also lower the cost of equity and capital. An effective structure for committees will allow the board be able to address issues more efficiently and effectively. It will allow the board to identify the most urgent issues and give them priority. It also offers the ability to delegate authority to committees and management.
A board should include a mix of executive and non-executive board members with diverse experience. Members should be business-minded, professional and have a strong commitment to the business. They should also be able to debate and contest. The board must also be able to evaluate the CEO and participate in the evaluation of the senior managers, in the event that it is appropriate.